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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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by the small knot of leaders of the world . . . With this aim he had
undertaken the journey to Teheran., a remarkable feat considering his great
physical disability. Thus the tree of future peace was planted at
Teheran ... its first bitter fruits were soon seen to ripen.
Wilson's idea of basing a world peace on the League of Nations had
failed : the refusal of the United States to participate had struck it a
mortal blow from the first.   Now., it seemed., Roosevelt was heading
America yet again towards the establishment of an organisation of Nations,
but guided by a Holy Alliance, a triumvirate of Great Powers on a world
scale, three policemen who would shoulder the responsibility of world
security.   The first step was the necessity to gain the consent and co-
operation of the partners, or rather of one of them—Russia; to gain
Stalin's confidence—therein lay the weak point of Roosevelt's scheme.
He, as a free man, reared on the freest part of the Earth, imbued with the
ideas of freedom and accustomed to settling the most complex problems
of a great nation with a thought for the peoples' well-being, to conserve
for them as much freedom as possible, was constitutionally incapable of
understanding Stalin's mentality.    Stalin had been born and bred in a
police state under constant persecution, in a land where no-one could
breathe freely and say : " I am a free man! " This fighter of revolution
had been educated in an atmosphere of lofty principles which in reality
were merely empty words, since there was no room for them to be culti-
vated and fulfilled in that Muscovite State enslaved for centuries; this
leader burdened with a fathomless hatred for his enemies, for the Tsars,
and for the Capitalist world, who stamped them all as traitors of the
* Socialist state' or the ' Socialist world,' and who, on reaching the
Tsarist throne, was incapable of understanding freedom, and merely
applied the Socialist slogans to inherited Russian institutions of tyranny
and oppression—the confidence of such a man as this could not be gained
by anyone.    He personified the mistrust of Muscovy, a mistrust accumu-
lated through centuries of isolation, and he was dominated by the belief
in the divine mission of the Proletariat and Russia, embracing the whole
world in these terms . . . This man would live and die under the canopy
of the Tsars of Muscovy, contemptuous of the Western civilisation which
he did not know, had no wish to know, and which he was unable to
understand.   To him Roosevelt was merely one more capitalist agent,
who termed himself a c democrat/   The conflict between Democracy
and Communism is much greater than between Communism and Fascism
and, while Stalin would have had no difficulty in coining to an under-
standing with Hitler or in keeping his commitments (for they were
both speaking the same language), he could not find it easy to reach
any agreement with the democrat Roosevelt.   The latter, in seeking his
support, was revealing his weakness and weakness is despised in Moscow.
Roosevelt's idea for  an organisation of world  security with a pre-